As it was tradition, churches were erected upon former Moorish mosques. According to several studies, the cathedral of Baeza was converted into the Christianity by Alphonso VII in 1147, dedicated to Saint Isidoro. Ferdinand III, after conquering Baeza for good in 1227, added to it the title of "Nativity of our Lady". It is important to point out that this cathedral was one of the first to be consecrated in Andalusia and it is catalogued as Heritage of Cultural Interest since 1931.

You should take into account that not all the elements of the cathedral are from the same period. The lower section of the tower, the minaret, is the more ancient one, just like its three Islamic arches, blind and hidden (XI century). The gargoyles and the cornice were added on the XIII century.

During the XIV century, a new section is erected, like the arcade from the cloister and the Mudejar chapels. In 1529, the construction of a new Gothic cathedral starts under the direction of Ginés Martín de Aranda, with three naves, Gothic pillars and groin vaults. This cathedral collapsed in 1567.

The Renaissance elements were added by Andrés de Vandelvira, the director of the reconstruction. Nevertheless, the pillars and vaults of the chancel were preserved. After the death of Vandelvira (1575) Cristóbal Pérez and Juan Bautista Villalpando were the his successors, finishing the temple works in 1593, under the direction of Alfonso Barba.

The most outstanding piece of the Cathedral is, without any doubt, its Processional Monstrance, which dates from 1714, a magnificent silversmith piece.

The outside is formed by three façades. The north façade (which goes to the Saint Mary square) stands out with two sections where Corinthian pilasters are painted. Notice the relief placed over the door; it represents in a beautiful way the scene of the Nativity of the Virgin.

The west façade has a Gothic-Mudejar style little door called "Door of the Moon" or "Door of Saint Peter Pascual", because the mortal remains of this saint-bishop were buried here. The big Gothic-Mudejar style rose window also stands out.

The south façade or Pardon façade, which gives access to the cloister, has a Gothic style, a basket arch and a festoon keystone.

Inside, there is a perfect mix between the Renaissance motifs of sail vaults with the Gothic motifs with the groin vaults.

The Cathedral of Baeza is other of the buildings that shows the unmistakable trace of Vandelvira, especially on the Golden and Saint Joseph Chapels, where we can also see the influences of Diego de Siloé.

 

Precio de la entrada

The price of the single ticket is 4 euros, groups ticket is 2,50 euros, retired ticket is 2 euros and children and special visitors tickets are 1,50 euros.