The cities of Úbeda and Baeza share the title of World Heritage Site, given by the UNESCO the 3rd of July 2003, but they also share the same historic, cultural and artistic legacy, unique in Spain.

It would be during the XVI century when those two cities would live their period of highest splendour thanks to their excellent communication network, their large jurisdiction and their privileged geographical position, but above all, thanks of the presence of a nobility which was more and more stronger and the establishment of the power of the church.

Personalities as Francisco de los Cobos (secretary of Charles V), Juan Vázquez de Molina or Diego de los Cobos, also the family Benavides or Carvajales would bring Úbeda and Baeza to the highest circles of the social and political environment of the period. This was the moment when the main buildings these two cities are proud of were erected: Renaissance palaces and churches, University, CathedralSeminary, etc. Those were erected by important artists of the period as Siloé, Vandelvira or Berruguete.

The Renaissance style wasn't the only one to leave a mark in Úbeda and Baeza, also other previous cultures as Jews, Romans  and Arabs have left their essence too. Good examples of that, preserved until nowadays, are the Jewish Square of Úbeda, the Synagogue of the Water, the narrow and paving streets, the rests of wall where we can point out the Door of Úbeda and the Tower of the Aliatatares in Baeza, and the Door of Granada and the Door of the Losal in Úbeda.

– History of Úbeda

– History of Baeza


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